How do I undo the most recent local commits in Git?
Undo a commit and redo
$ git commit -m "Something terribly misguided" # (1) $ git reset HEAD~ # (2) << edit files as necessary >> # (3) $ git add ... # (4) $ git commit -c ORIG_HEAD # (5)
- This is what you want to undo.
- This leaves your working tree (the state of your files on disk) unchanged but undoes the commit and leaves the changes you committed unstaged (so they'll appear as "Changes not staged for commit" in
git status, so you'll need to add them again before committing). If you only want to add more changes to the previous commit, or change the commit message1, you could use
git reset --soft HEAD~instead, which is like
git reset HEAD~(where
HEAD~is the same as
HEAD~1) but leaves your existing changes staged.
- Make corrections to working tree files.
git addanything that you want to include in your new commit.
- Commit the changes, reusing the old commit message.
resetcopied the old head to
-c ORIG_HEADwill open an editor, which initially contains the log message from the old commit and allows you to edit it. If you do not need to edit the message, you could use the