Image Effects in android

Android allows you to manipulate images by adding different kinds of effects on the images. You can easily apply image processing techniques to add certain kinds of effects on images. The effects could be brightness,darkness, grayscale conversion e.t.c.

Android provides Bitmap class to handle images. This can be found under android.graphics.bitmap. There are many ways through which you can instantiate bitmap. We are creating a bitmap of image from the imageView.

private Bitmap bmp;
private ImageView img;
img = (ImageView)findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
BitmapDrawable  abmp = (BitmapDrawable)img.getDrawable();

Now we will create bitmap by calling getBitmap() function of BitmapDrawable class. Its syntax is given below −

bmp = abmp.getBitmap();

An image is nothing but a two dimensional matrix. Same way you will handle a bitmap. An image consist of pixels. So you will get pixels from this bitmap and apply processing to it. Its syntax is as follows −

for(int i=0; i<bmp.getWidth(); i++){
   for(int j=0; j<bmp.getHeight(); j++){
      int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
   }
}

The getWidth() and getHeight() functions returns the height and width of the matrix. The getPixel() method returns the pixel at the specified index. Once you got the pixel, you can easily manipulate it according to your needs.


Example

The below example demonstrates some of the image effects on the bitmap. It crates a basic application that allows you to convert the picture into grayscale and much more.

MainActivity.java.

package com.example.myapplication;

import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.drawable.BitmapDrawable;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {
   Button b1, b2, b3;
   ImageView im;
   
   private Bitmap bmp;
   private Bitmap operation;
   
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
      
      b1 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);
      b2 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button2);
      b3 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button3);
      im = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);
      
      BitmapDrawable abmp = (BitmapDrawable) im.getDrawable();
      bmp = abmp.getBitmap();
   }
   
   public void gray(View view) {
      operation = Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp.getWidth(),bmp.getHeight(), bmp.getConfig());
      double red = 0.33;
      double green = 0.59;
      double blue = 0.11;
      
      for (int i = 0; i < bmp.getWidth(); i++) {
         for (int j = 0; j < bmp.getHeight(); j++) {
            int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
            int r = Color.red(p);
            int g = Color.green(p);
            int b = Color.blue(p);
            
            r = (int) red * r;
            g = (int) green * g;
            b = (int) blue * b;
            operation.setPixel(i, j, Color.argb(Color.alpha(p), r, g, b));
         }
      }
      im.setImageBitmap(operation);
   }
   
   public void bright(View view){
      operation= Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp.getWidth(), bmp.getHeight(),bmp.getConfig());
      
      for(int i=0; i<bmp.getWidth(); i++){
         for(int j=0; j<bmp.getHeight(); j++){
            int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
            int r = Color.red(p);
            int g = Color.green(p);
            int b = Color.blue(p);
            int alpha = Color.alpha(p);
            
            r = 100  +  r;
            g = 100  + g;
            b = 100  + b;
            alpha = 100 + alpha;
            operation.setPixel(i, j, Color.argb(alpha, r, g, b));
         }
      }
      im.setImageBitmap(operation);
   }
   
   public void dark(View view){
      operation= Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp.getWidth(),bmp.getHeight(),bmp.getConfig());
      
      for(int i=0; i<bmp.getWidth(); i++){
         for(int j=0; j<bmp.getHeight(); j++){
            int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
            int r = Color.red(p);
            int g = Color.green(p);
            int b = Color.blue(p);
            int alpha = Color.alpha(p);
            
            r =  r - 50;
            g =  g - 50;
            b =  b - 50;
            alpha = alpha -50;
            operation.setPixel(i, j, Color.argb(Color.alpha(p), r, g, b));
         }
      }
      im.setImageBitmap(operation);
   }
   
   public void gama(View view) {
      operation = Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp.getWidth(),bmp.getHeight(),bmp.getConfig());
      
      for(int i=0; i<bmp.getWidth(); i++){
         for(int j=0; j<bmp.getHeight(); j++){
            int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
            int r = Color.red(p);
            int g = Color.green(p);
            int b = Color.blue(p);
            int alpha = Color.alpha(p);
            
            r =  r + 150;
            g =  0;
            b =  0;
            alpha = 0;
            operation.setPixel(i, j, Color.argb(Color.alpha(p), r, g, b));
         }
      }
      im.setImageBitmap(operation);
   }
   
   public void green(View view){
      operation = Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp.getWidth(),bmp.getHeight(), bmp.getConfig());
      
      for(int i=0; <bmp.getWidth(); i++){
         for(int j=0; j<bmp.getHeight(); j++){
            int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
            int r = Color.red(p);
            int g = Color.green(p);
            int b = Color.blue(p);
            int alpha = Color.alpha(p);
            
            r =  0;
            g =  g+150;
            b =  0;
            alpha = 0;
            operation.setPixel(i, j, Color.argb(Color.alpha(p), r, g, b));
         }
      }
      im.setImageBitmap(operation);
   }
   
   public void blue(View view){
      operation = Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp.getWidth(),bmp.getHeight(), bmp.getConfig());
      
      for(int i=0; i<bmp.getWidth(); i++){
         for(int j=0; j<bmp.getHeight(); j++){
            int p = bmp.getPixel(i, j);
            int r = Color.red(p);
            int g = Color.green(p);
            int b = Color.blue(p);
            int alpha = Color.alpha(p);
            
            r =  0;
            g =  0;
            b =  b+150;
            alpha = 0;
            operation.setPixel(i, j, Color.argb(Color.alpha(p), r, g, b));
         }
      }
      im.setImageBitmap(operation);
   }
}

res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" 
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent" 
   android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
   android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin" tools:context=".MainActivity">
   
   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:textSize="30dp"
      android:text="Image Effects" />
      
   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="My Application"
      android:id="@+id/textView2"
      android:layout_below="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:textSize="35dp"
      android:textColor="#ff16ff01" />
      
   <ImageView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/imageView"
      android:layout_below="@+id/textView2"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:src="@drawable/abc"/>
   
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="Gray"
      android:onClick="gray"
      android:id="@+id/button"
      android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
      android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
      android:layout_alignParentStart="true"
      android:layout_marginBottom="97dp" />
      
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="dark"
      android:onClick="dark"
      android:id="@+id/button2"
      android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/button"
      android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
      android:layout_alignParentEnd="true" />
      
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="Bright"
      android:onClick="bright"
      android:id="@+id/button3"
      android:layout_alignTop="@+id/button2"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" />
      
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="Red"
      android:onClick="gama"
      android:id="@+id/button4"
      android:layout_below="@+id/button3"
      android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
      android:layout_alignParentStart="true" />
      
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="Green"
      android:onClick="green"
      android:id="@+id/button5"
      android:layout_alignTop="@+id/button4"
      android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/button3"
      android:layout_alignStart="@+id/button3" />
      
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="blue"
      android:onClick="blue"
      android:id="@+id/button6"
      android:layout_below="@+id/button2"
      android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_toEndOf="@+id/textView" />
      
</RelativeLayout>

AndroidManifest.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   package="com.example.sairamkrishna.myapplication" >
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
   
      <activity
         android:name=".MainActivity"
         android:label="@string/app_name" >
      
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
         
      </activity>
      
   </application>
</manifest>