Media Player example in android

Android is providing MediaPlayer class to access built-in mediaplayer services like playing audio,video e.t.c. In order to use MediaPlayer, we have to call a static Method create() of this class. This method returns an instance of MediaPlayer class.

MediaPlayer mediaPlayer = MediaPlayer.create(this, R.raw.song);
mediaPlayer.start();
mediaPlayer.pause();
mediaPlayer.reset();

src/MainActivity.java.

package com.example.myapplication;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.media.MediaPlayer;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.view.View;

import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.SeekBar;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;


public class MainActivity extends Activity {
   private Button b1,b2,b3,b4;
   private ImageView iv;
   private MediaPlayer mediaPlayer;
	
   private double startTime = 0;
   private double finalTime = 0;
	
   private Handler myHandler = new Handler();;
   private int forwardTime = 5000;
   private int backwardTime = 5000;
   private SeekBar seekbar;
   private TextView tx1,tx2,tx3;

   public static int oneTimeOnly = 0;
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

      b1 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);
      b2 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button2);
      b3 = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button3);
      b4 = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button4);
      iv = (ImageView)findViewById(R.id.imageView);

      tx1 = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView2);
      tx2 = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView3);
      tx3 = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView4);
      tx3.setText("Song.mp3");

      mediaPlayer = MediaPlayer.create(this, R.raw.song);
      seekbar = (SeekBar)findViewById(R.id.seekBar);
      seekbar.setClickable(false);
      b2.setEnabled(false);

      b3.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View v) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Playing 
               sound",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            mediaPlayer.start();

            finalTime = mediaPlayer.getDuration();
            startTime = mediaPlayer.getCurrentPosition();

            if (oneTimeOnly == 0) {
               seekbar.setMax((int) finalTime);
               oneTimeOnly = 1;
            }
				
            tx2.setText(String.format("%d min, %d sec",
               TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes((long) finalTime),
               TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toSeconds((long) finalTime) -
               TimeUnit.MINUTES.toSeconds(TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes((long) 
                  finalTime)))
            );

            tx1.setText(String.format("%d min, %d sec",
               TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes((long) startTime),
               TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toSeconds((long) startTime) -
               TimeUnit.MINUTES.toSeconds(TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes((long) 
                  startTime)))
            );

            seekbar.setProgress((int)startTime);
            myHandler.postDelayed(UpdateSongTime,100);
            b2.setEnabled(true);
            b3.setEnabled(false);
         }
      });

      b2.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View v) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Pausing 
               sound",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            mediaPlayer.pause();
            b2.setEnabled(false);
            b3.setEnabled(true);
         }
      });

      b1.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View v) {
            int temp = (int)startTime;

            if((temp+forwardTime)<=finalTime){
               startTime = startTime + forwardTime;
               mediaPlayer.seekTo((int) startTime);
               Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"You have Jumped forward 5 
                  seconds",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }else{
               Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"Cannot jump forward 5
                  seconds",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
         }
      });

      b4.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(View v) {
            int temp = (int)startTime;

            if((temp-backwardTime)>0){
               startTime = startTime - backwardTime;
               mediaPlayer.seekTo((int) startTime);
               Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"You have Jumped backward 5 
                  seconds",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }else{
               Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"Cannot jump backward 5 
                  seconds",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
         }
      });
   }

   private Runnable UpdateSongTime = new Runnable() {
      public void run() {
         startTime = mediaPlayer.getCurrentPosition();
         tx1.setText(String.format("%d min, %d sec",
            TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toMinutes((long) startTime),
            TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toSeconds((long) startTime) -
            TimeUnit.MINUTES.toSeconds(TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.
            toMinutes((long) startTime)))
         );
         seekbar.setProgress((int)startTime);
         myHandler.postDelayed(this, 100);
      }
   };
}

res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent" 
   android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
   android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin" tools:context=".MainActivity">

   <TextView android:text="Music Palyer" android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/textview"
      android:textSize="35dp"
      android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" />

   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="medial player"
      android:id="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_below="@+id/textview"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:textColor="#ff7aff24"
      android:textSize="35dp" />

   <ImageView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/imageView"
      android:layout_below="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:src="@drawable/abc"/>

   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="@string/forward"
      android:id="@+id/button"
      android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
      android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
      android:layout_alignParentStart="true" />

   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="@string/pause"
      android:id="@+id/button2"
      android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
      android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/imageView"
      android:layout_alignStart="@+id/imageView" />

   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="@string/back"
      android:id="@+id/button3"
      android:layout_alignTop="@+id/button2"
      android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/button2"
      android:layout_toEndOf="@+id/button2" />

   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="@string/rewind"
      android:id="@+id/button4"
      android:layout_alignTop="@+id/button3"
      android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/button3"
      android:layout_toEndOf="@+id/button3" />

   <SeekBar
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/seekBar"
      android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/textview"
      android:layout_alignStart="@+id/textview"
      android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textview"
      android:layout_alignEnd="@+id/textview"
      android:layout_above="@+id/button" />

   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
      android:text="Small Text"
      android:id="@+id/textView2"
      android:layout_above="@+id/seekBar"
      android:layout_toLeftOf="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_toStartOf="@+id/textView" />

   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
      android:text="Small Text"
      android:id="@+id/textView3"
      android:layout_above="@+id/seekBar"
      android:layout_alignRight="@+id/button4"
      android:layout_alignEnd="@+id/button4" />

   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
      android:text="Medium Text"
      android:id="@+id/textView4"
      android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/textView2"
      android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/textView2"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" />

</RelativeLayout>

res/values/string.xml.

<resources>
   <string name="app_name">My Application</string>
   <string name="back"><![CDATA[<]]></string>
   <string name="rewind"><![CDATA[<<]]></string>
   <string name="forward"><![CDATA[>>]]></string>
   <string name="pause">||</string>
</resources>

AndroidManifest.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   package="com.example.sairamkrishna.myapplication" >

   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
      
      <activity
         android:name="com.example.sairamkrishna.myapplication.MainActivity"
         android:label="@string/app_name" >
         
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
         
      </activity>
      
   </application>
</manifest>