Zoom image in android

Android provides special types of touch screen events such as pinch , double tap, scrolls , long presses and flinch. These are all known as gestures.

Android provides GestureDetector class to receive motion events and tell us that these events correspond to gestures or not. To use it , you need to create an object of GestureDetector and then extend another class with GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener to act as a listener and override some methods. Its syntax is given below −

 

Here is an example demonstrating the use of ScaleGestureDetector class. It creates a basic application that allows you to zoom in and out through pinch.

src/MainActivity.java.

package com.example.myapplication;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.graphics.Matrix;
import android.os.Bundle;

import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.ScaleGestureDetector;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
   private ImageView iv;
   private Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
   private float scale = 1f;
   private ScaleGestureDetector SGD;

   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

      iv=(ImageView)findViewById(R.id.imageView);
      SGD = new ScaleGestureDetector(this,new ScaleListener());
   }

   public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
      SGD.onTouchEvent(ev);
      return true;
   }

   private class ScaleListener extends ScaleGestureDetector.
      SimpleOnScaleGestureListener {
      
      @Override
      public boolean onScale(ScaleGestureDetector detector) {
         scale *= detector.getScaleFactor();
         scale = Math.max(0.1f, Math.min(scale, 5.0f));
         matrix.setScale(scale, scale);
         iv.setImageMatrix(matrix);
         return true;
      }
   }
}

res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<RelativeLayout 
   xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" 
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent" 
   android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
   android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
   android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin" 
   tools:context=".MainActivity" >
   
   <TextView android:text="Gestures  
      Example" android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/textview"
      android:textSize="35dp"
      android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" />
      
   <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="My Example"
      android:id="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_below="@+id/textview"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:textColor="#ff7aff24"
      android:textSize="35dp" />
      
   <ImageView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/imageView"
      android:src="@drawable/abc"
      android:scaleType="matrix"
      android:layout_below="@+id/textView"
      android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
      android:layout_alignParentStart="true"
      android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
      android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
      android:layout_alignParentEnd="true" />
      
</RelativeLayout>

res/values/string.xml.

<resources>
   <string name="app_name>My Application</string>
</resources>

AndroidManifest.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   package="com.example.myapplication" >

   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
      
      <activity
         android:name="com.example.sairamkrishna.myapplicationMainActivity"
         android:label="@string/app_name" >
         
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
         
      </activity>
   
   </application>
</manifest>